Sunday, 26 April 2015

Difference Between Added Sugar and Natural Sugar

27 April 2015 Preface: sugar is all the same. Whether it was adding in during processing or already present, the word sugar refers to a carbohydrate in its most basic form. There really is no [as far as calories, obesity and health are concerned] difference between sugar found in a strawberry or soda. Let's begin! If we get past the all carbohydrates are bad mantra, we must start differentiating between the good and bad ones. Sugar is a type of carbohydrate characterized as simple, perhaps even bad or unhealthy depending on the source. A wide variety of foods contain sugar, and while some of them are deemed healthy, others are not. Though the sugar found in doughnuts and apples is nearly identical, there's an important distinction between foods high in added sugar and "naturally occurring" sugar.
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Here Are 15 Meals You Can Make In 15 Minutes

No excuses, you guys.

Alice Mongkongllite / BuzzFeed

Easy Chicken & Asparagus Stir-Fry

Easy Chicken & Asparagus Stir-Fry

The chunks of chicken breast take all of 5 minutes to sauté on the stovetop, and the ingredients in the simple sauce — honey, garlic, soy sauce, and olive oil — are likely already in your pantry. Get the recipe.

gimmesomeoven.com

Margherita Flatbread Pizza

Margherita Flatbread Pizza

With pre-made naan as a base. Get the recipe.

letthebakingbeginblog.com

15-Minute Lo Mein

15-Minute Lo Mein

Get the recipe.

damndelicious.net


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23 Breakfast Cookies That Will Make Your Day

Start strong.

Chia Chocolate Chip Oatmeal Cookies

Chia Chocolate Chip Oatmeal Cookies

Lots of good stuff happening here. Recipe here.

ambitiouskitchen.com

No-Bake Cinnamon Roll Breakfast Cookies

No-Bake Cinnamon Roll Breakfast Cookies

No oven? No problem. Recipe here.

chelseasmessyapron.com

Pumpkin Breakfast Cookie

Pumpkin Breakfast Cookie

You could argue that this is just a spherical granola bar. I could argue that there's nothing wrong with that. Recipe here.

leelalicious.com


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39 Ways To Eat Mustard All Day, Everyday

It’s not just for hot dogs, people.

Lauren Paul / BuzzFeed

Lauren Paul / BuzzFeed

Sunny-Side-Up Eggs on Mustard-Creamed Spinach with Crispy Crumbs

Sunny-Side-Up Eggs on Mustard-Creamed Spinach with Crispy Crumbs

A flavorsome way to start the day.

Bon Appétit / Via bonappetit.com

Breakfast Casserole

Breakfast Casserole

You can't tell from here, but dijon basically is holding this masterpiece together.

Savory Sweet Life / Via feastie.com


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Mitochondria editing tried in mice

Researchers develop a technique to edit out bits of mitochondrial DNA that could otherwise pass on incurable diseases, a study in mice shows. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

The allure of the good-looking runner

Why good-looking runners attract more donations via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

VIDEO: The life-saving shipping container

A charity in Peru is tackling high rates of multi-drug resistant TB with the help of a shipping container. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Saturday, 25 April 2015

How Does the Brain Respond to Gossip?

Newspapers use up reams of paper to report it. The air around your office cubicle, or in the cafeteria, hangs heavy with it. When best friends meet, they discuss it in hushed whispers. Gossip is an integral part of our communication. And if evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar is to be believed, gossip makes up the lion’s share—a whopping two-thirds—of our conversations. We talk about other topics like music, sports, politics, and the weather in the remaining time. That is a lot of time we spend discussing other people’s affairs, some of which are not in good light.

So why do perfectly sensible, reasonably intelligent, and genuinely compassionate people engage in gossiping? What do they gain from it? Do only women do it? And do people who love gossiping get a malicious pleasure out of listening to stories of failed romances and scandals? Neuroscientists have probed into the brains of people when they gossip to unearth the science behind it.

How Does Gossip Affect Us?

Gossip affects us; it either tickles us or makes us shudder. But did you know that different kinds of gossip affect us in different ways?

According to a study published this year and carried out on a random sampling of men and women, the subjects were generally more pleased to hear positive gossip than negative news. However, they were more distressed by negative gossip about themselves than about other people like their friends, acquaintances, and celebrities. Not many surprises there.

These findings were arrived at after the subjects were made to fill out a questionnaire. The scientists also carried out fMRI scans of the subjects’ brains as they listened to positive and negative gossip about themselves, their best friends, and celebrities.

According to the findings from these scan reports, listening to gossip about themselves heightened activity in the superior medial prefrontal cortex of the subjects’ brains. This region also responded to negative gossip about others. The subjects recorded increased activity in the orbital prefrontal cortex region of their brains in response to positive gossip about themselves.

The prefrontal cortex is one of the brain regions involved in social cognition and executive control. Social cognition is the ability to regulate our thoughts, behavior, and actions based on the real, imaginary, or assumed presence of other people. In other words, social cognition is a trait that makes us want to conform to the accepted norms and rules of society. Executive control is the ability to channelize our thought patterns, behavior, and actions based on internal goals. The neurotransmitter dopamine regulates the functionality of this region and activates the reward system.

The activation of prefrontal cortex region of the brain in response to positive gossip about oneself indicates that most human beings want to be seen as conforming to social standards of morality and success. They see more rewards in being “seen” in a positive light by the world at large than staying true to their internal moral compass.

On the other hand, we think that we are repulsed by negative gossip about others. But the fMRI images obtained during the above study bust this myth. The activation of the superior medial prefrontal cortex region in response to negative gossip about others indicates that although we are not elated by the falling-from-grace stories of other people, we are amused. This finding would seem morally unacceptable to many. After all, we don’t like to think of ourselves as fiends who gloat at others’ miseries and misfortunes.

But don’t be so hard on yourself. Gossiping is good for you!

Is Gossip Good or Bad?

Although moral purists might frown upon the practice, scientists say that gossip serves self-preservation purposes. According to them, there are also definite social benefits of gossiping.

Social scientists believe that gossip is an integral tool for observational learning. We exchange information about others when we gossip. Negative gossip makes you realize how society perceives acts of moral transgression, and you indirectly learn a lesson on how to live within a community and adhere to its rules. In this instance, negative gossip serves as a tool for indirect learning; you learn how to act correctly without having to bear the costs and consequences of a negative action.

Gossip acts as a self-improvement tool in another way. Positive gossip about ourselves gives us the motivation to carry on with our good behavior or sustain positive habits. It also provides us with hints about acceptable behavioral traits within the context of a particular society.

Some scientists point out to the benefit of prosocial gossip. They say exchanging negative information about the reputation of another person puts vulnerable people on alert and protects them from future anti-social or exploitative acts of the person who is the subject of the gossip. According to scientists, prosocial gossip promotes cooperation and bonding amongst people and creates a safety net.

At another level, the sharing of negative reputational information also acts as a check on the anti-social behavioral traits of people. According to scientists, when negative reputational information is shared with many people, the group as a whole usually chooses to ostracize the wrongdoer. Ostracism compels the person excluded from his group to resort to better behavior to win approval. Ostracism may also act as a deterrent to anti-social behavior by others.

Researchers also claim that sharing negative gossip promotes social bonds. They say that indulging in negative gossiping with another person usually triggers conversations that involve downward social comparisons. These conversations are powerful ego-boosters. What is more, by sharing negative information about another person, we unknowingly create distinct social identities—the gossiper brings the person he is gossiping with into his ambit and creates an in-group while the person being gossiped about is made out to be an outsider (the creation of an out-group).

It seems that gossiping is not entirely a wasteful pursuit of time and energy. Our brains get a kick from exchanging juicy tidbits of information about someone we know intimatel (our best friends) or can only observe from a distance (celebrities). Gossip about ourselves is like a mirror to our actions and behavior and lets us rectify ourselves, so we can become more responsible members of the society.

References

Baumeister, R., Zhang, L., & Vohs, K. (2004). Gossip as cultural learning. Review of General Psychology, 8 (2), 111-121 DOI: 10.1037/1089-2680.8.2.111

BOSSON, J., JOHNSON, A., NIEDERHOFFER, K., & SWANN, W. (2006). Interpersonal chemistry through negativity: Bonding by sharing negative attitudes about others Personal Relationships, 13 (2), 135-150 DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6811.2006.00109.x

Dunbar, R. (2004). Gossip in evolutionary perspective. Review of General Psychology, 8 (2), 100-110 DOI: 10.1037/1089-2680.8.2.100

Feinberg, M., Willer, R., & Schultz, M. (2014). Gossip and Ostracism Promote Cooperation in Groups Psychological Science, 25 (3), 656-664 DOI: 10.1177/0956797613510184

Feinberg, M., Willer, R., Stellar, J., & Keltner, D. (2012). The virtues of gossip: Reputational information sharing as prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102 (5), 1015-1030 DOI: 10.1037/a0026650

Martinescu, E., Janssen, O., & Nijstad, B. (2014). Tell Me the Gossip: The Self-Evaluative Function of Receiving Gossip About Others Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40 (12), 1668-1680 DOI: 10.1177/0146167214554916

Peng X, Li Y, Wang P, Mo L, & Chen Q (2015). The ugly truth: negative gossip about celebrities and positive gossip about self entertain people in different ways. Social neuroscience, 10 (3), 320-36 PMID: 25580932

Image via g-stockstudio / Shutterstock.

via Brain Blogger Read More Here..

Getting to grips with the placenta's real health benefits

A project to understand the body's most mysterious organ could help us tackle everything from pregnancy complications to heart disease, says Cathy Spong







via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

26 Egg Recipes That Are Stepping Up Their Game

Whip it, scramble it, quiche it, mug it.

Egg, Bacon, Cheese & Avocado Brunch Ring

Egg, Bacon, Cheese & Avocado Brunch Ring

Brunch taking new forms. Recipe here.

Kirby Barth / Via nu.spoonuniversity.com

Baked Egg in an Avocado

Baked Egg in an Avocado

Breakfast on-the-go. Recipe here.

Lauren Feld / Via nu.spoonuniversity.com

Fried Egg with Chickpea Salad and Sriracha

Fried Egg with Chickpea Salad and Sriracha

Spice things up. Recipe here.

Chase Kroesche / Via usc.spoonuniversity.com

Bacon and Egg Toast Cups

Bacon and Egg Toast Cups

A three-in-one breakfast dish. Recipe here.

Emily Hu / Via spoonuniversity.com


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Friday, 24 April 2015

'Twin' tumour found in woman's head

California doctors have removed what they call an embryologic twin living deep inside the brain of a student who had health problems. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Air Pollution and Your Brain

Source: HealthDay - Video
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Air Pollution, Brain Diseases, Environmental Health via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Moderate Drinking May Be Less Beneficial for Blacks

Guidelines might need modification to reflect racial differences, researcher says

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

This Insane Futuristic Wine Rack Refills Itself Automatically

Soon we’ll all be broke and drunk.

Wine!

Wine!

NBC

It's delicious!

It's delicious!

It's good for you!

It's good for you!

NBC

The only downfall is...sometimes, you run out!

The only downfall is...sometimes, you run out!

HBO


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9 Charts That Will Help You Pair Your Cheese And Wine Perfectly

These cheesy charts are anything but cheesy!

This one, which will be perfect for your next movie night.

This one, which will be perfect for your next movie night.

Missouri Wine / Via missouriwine.org

This one, which is perfect for entertaining wine and beer drinkers.

This one, which is perfect for entertaining wine and beer drinkers.

Corri McFadden / Via corrimcfadden.com

This one, which is good to keep on your phone as a handy reference.

This one, which is good to keep on your phone as a handy reference.

Paper Moss / Via papermoss.com

This one, which is so beautiful you'll want to frame it.

This one, which is so beautiful you'll want to frame it.

Wine Folly / Via winefolly.com


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31 Recipes That Prove Sprinkles Make Everything That Much Better

Glitter for desserts.

Sprinkled Marshmallow Dippers

Sprinkled Marshmallow Dippers

A dessert the kids can help with. Recipe here.

smartschoolhouse / Via smartschoolhouse.com

Confetti Cake Roll

Confetti Cake Roll

With layers and layers of color. Find it here.

bettycrocker / Via bettycrocker.com

Cake Batter Martini

Cake Batter Martini

Now you can have your cake and drink it too. Recipe here.

thenovicechef / Via thenovicechefblog.com

Cake Batter & Sprinkles Bark

Cake Batter & Sprinkles Bark

You'll want to make a double batch of this. Recipe here.

Ashlee / Via ashleemarie.com


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21 Horrifying And Terrifying Disney Cake Fails

Where dreams come true. NO, WAIT. NIGHTMARES.

Hopefully the child who got this was able to sleep at night.

Hopefully the child who got this was able to sleep at night.

justsomething.co

Here's Mickey Mouse as seen in the "after" photo in an anti-meth PSA.

Here's Mickey Mouse as seen in the "after" photo in an anti-meth PSA.

boofckemhoo.com

The NSFW Disney Princesses.

The NSFW Disney Princesses.

cakewrecks.com

The most forlorn Minnie Mouse ever.

The most forlorn Minnie Mouse ever.

reddit.com


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