Tuesday, 25 October 2016

Cholera update in Yemen

News update: New cases of cholera and cholera-related deaths, 23 October 2016 via WHO news Read More Here..

What are you worth? How we calculate the value of a life

Each life is equally valuable. Until it's not. From the cost of saving your life to your worth once you’re gone, there's a price on all our heads via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

Scholarship for College Students Living with a Neurological Disorder

Bella Soul is a charity that empowers college students faced with chronic illness, physical disabilities, and disease through scholarships and emotional support. I have partnered with them to serve on and advise their scholarship committee on a voluntary basis. Their First Annual Luke G. Neurological Scholarship will award $500 to $1,000 to full-time students enrolled in college and living with a neurological disorder.

The application process is simple and starts with emailing Bella Soul at livebellasoul@gmail.com with the following three items:

1) Demographics:
– Name
– Date of Birth
– University/College
– Year/Grade
– Neurological Disease/Disorder

2) Proof of Enrollment:
– Demonstrates full-time, college enrollment.
– Does not need to be a transcript.

3) Essay:
– Three-pages, double spaced about the triumphs and struggles of living with a neurological disease/disorder.
– Give examples of how your disease/disorder has impacted your education, your social life, and how you have learned from these challenges.
– Include what advice you would tell someone who is struggling with the same neurological disorder.

The other members of the scholarship committee and I will review the applicants the first week of January. The deadline for applying is by December 31st (end of day). Looking forward to reading your stories and funding your future!

Image via thelester / Pixabay.

via Brain Blogger Read More Here..

Urgent need for better physical health in those with mental illness

Professions unite to seek better care for mental health patients

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Women drinking almost as much alcohol as men

Young adults are closing the sex gap on harmful drinking

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Underfunded home care raising pressure on NHS

Experts calculate UK has £513m deficit for 2016-17

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Blood pressure link to pollution long-term exposure

Air and noise pollution may cause hypertension, claims study

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GP weight loss intervention is effective

Patients lost more weight after GP referrals for help

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'Terry and Jerry'

What would it take to fix the NHS?

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How I got addicted to painkillers

As the UK government calls for urgent action to help people hooked on prescription drugs, Cathryn Kemp explains what it is like to find yourself addicted to painkillers via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

Baby Lynlee 'born twice' after life-saving surgery

A baby girl is "born" twice after she is taken out of her mother's womb for 20 minutes for life-saving surgery. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Monday, 24 October 2016

4 Healthy Reasons to Eat Avocados

4 Healthy Reasons to Eat Avocados Blog Post

Avocados are not only delicious, they're super satisfying and help keep your body healthy too. Just in case you need even more encouragement to eat your avocados (c'mon guacamole isn't reason enough?) here are 4 healthy reasons avocados are so good for you.

Get It: Healthy Avocado Recipes We Love

via EatingWell Blogs - All Blog Posts More READ

'Ignoring diabetes left me with one leg'

Type 2 diabetes is responsible for most cases of kidney failure and lower limb amputation, other than accidents. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

The shoe shop with a dark diabetes message

How did customers react when they uncovered the dark diabetes message hidden in a shoe shop? via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Teen hackers study considers link to addiction

A study for Europol suggests efforts to stop young people hacking could learn from anti-addiction efforts. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

It's time for a detox. Try these delicious smoothie recipes

Article Oct 24, 2016

Your recipes

via Healthy Eating Read More..

Can Our Immune System Drive Social Behavior?

The immune system is our main defense mechanism against disease. Dysfunctions in the immune system are therefore associated with a myriad of complications, including several neurological and mental disorders.

Yet, for a long time the brain and the immune system were considered to be isolated from each other – it was believed that the brain was not supplied by the lymphatic system (which carries white blood cells and other immune cells through a network of vessels and tissues) because no evidence of lymphatic supply to the brain had ever been found.

But recently, a research team from the University of Virginia School of Medicine was able to find lymphatic vessels in the meninges that cover the brain. This was a huge discovery that shattered the long-standing belief that the brain was “immune privileged,” lacking a direct connection to the immune system.

After discovering the direct link between the brain and the lymphatic system, the same group has demonstrated that immune cells can influence learning behavior, exerting their effects apparently from the meninges, the membranes that cover the central nervous system. Now, the same group has shown that the immune system has another surprising effect on the brain – it can directly affect, and even control social behavior, such as the desire to interact with others.

Using mice with impaired immunity, the authors showed that partial elimination of immune cells from the meninges was sufficient to induce deficits in social behavior. These social deficits were reversed when the mice were repopulated with immune cells. These immune impaired mice also exhibited hyper-connectivity in specific brain regions associated with social behavior. Again, repopulating mice with immune cells reversed the abnormal hyper-connectivity observed. Other functionally connected regions not directly implicated in social function were not affected by a deficiency in adaptive immunity.

Despite their proximity to the brain, immune cells in the meninges don’t enter the brain. Their effects therefore have to be exerted by releasing molecules that can cross into the brain. The authors were able to identify which molecule acts as a messenger between the immune system and the brain in regulating social behavior.

The molecule is called interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and it can be produced by a substantial number of meningeal immune cells. Blocking the production of this molecule caused similar social deficits and abnormal hyper-connectivity in the same brain regions as in immune impaired mice. Restoring the levels of the molecule restored the brain activity and behavioral patterns, through the action of IFN-gamma in GABAergic inhibitory neurons. Importantly, the authors also demonstrated that rodents living in a social context (group-housing) had natural increases in the production of IFN-gamma, whereas rodents in social isolation had a marked loss of IFN-gamma. Zebrafish and flies showed a similar pattern.

These striking results thereby show how that a molecule produced by the immune system can have a determining influence on social behavior. But such as the immune system can drive sociability, it is possible that immune dysfunctions may contribute to an inability to have normal social interactions and play a role in neurological and mental disorders characterized by social impairments, such as autism spectrum disorder, frontotemporal dementia, and schizophrenia, for example.

Social behavior is crucial for the survival of a species through foraging, protection, breeding, and even, in higher-order species, mental health. On the other hand, social interaction also brought about an increased exposure to different pathogens; as a consequence, our immune system had to develop new ways to protect us from the diseases to which social interaction exposed us. And social behavior is obviously beneficial to pathogens, since it allows them to spread.The authors of the study therefore hypothesized that the relationship between humans and pathogens may have driven the development of our social behavior. There may have been a co-evolutionary pressure to increase an anti-pathogen response as sociability increased, and it is possible that IFN-gamma may have acted as an evolutionary mechanism to simultaneously enhance social behavior while also enhancing our anti-pathogen responses.

The implications and the questions that arise from these findings are tremendous. Is it possible that our immune system modulates our everyday behaviors or even our personality? Can new pathogens influence human behavior? Can we target the immune system while treating neurological or psychiatric disorders? New research avenues are wide open.


Derecki NC, et al (2010). Regulation of learning and memory by meningeal immunity: a key role for IL-4. J Exp Med, 207(5):1067-80. doi: 10.1084/jem.20091419

Filiano AJ, et al (2016). Unexpected role of interferon-? in regulating neuronal connectivity and social behaviour. Nature, 535(7612):425-9. doi: 10.1038/nature18626

Kennedy DP, Adolphs R (2012). The social brain in psychiatric and neurological disorders. Trends Cogn. Sci. 16, 559–572. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2012.09.006

Kipnis J (2016). Multifaceted interactions between adaptive immunity and the central nervous system. Science, 353(6301):766-71. doi: 10.1126/science.aag2638

Louveau A, et al (2015). Structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatic vessels. Nature, 523(7560):337-41. doi: 10.1038/nature14432

Image via allinonemovie / Pixabay.

via Brain Blogger Read More Here..

Baby Lynlee 'born twice' after life-saving tumour surgery

A baby girl is "born" twice in Texas after surgeons cut open her mother's womb to remove a tumour that threatened to stop her heart. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

How I got addicted to painkillers

As the UK government calls for urgent action to help people hooked on prescription drugs, Cathryn Kemp explains what it is like to find yourself addicted to painkillers via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

Addiction to prescription drugs is UK ‘public health disaster’

Doctors and politicians are calling for urgent action to help people who get hooked on prescription painkillers, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medicines via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

'Robbed' of maternity leave with my 26-week-old son

Lauren Dunn, who gave birth to her son Henry early at 26 weeks, describes feeling "robbed" of her time at home with him. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Man who cut off own toes told he 'saved the foot'

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A father's suffering

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Doctors draw up list of 40 'pointless treatments'

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Saturday, 22 October 2016

The poem sending Shivers down spines

The Multiple Sclerosis poem sending Shivers down spines via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Artificial Light and Circadian Rhythm – Are We Messing It Up?

The day-night cycle is one of the most defining patterns of life as we know it. We live in a cyclic environment and circadian rhythms are an essential element in the biology of living organisms.

Many physiological processes are synchronized with the day-night cycle, being modulated by environmental timing cues such as sunlight. Our biological clock must detect the cyclic variations in light in order to manage our physiological functions accordingly. To do so, light changes are sensed by specialized cells in the retina called retinal ganglion cells; these retinal photoreceptors receive light and send information to the brain, more specifically to a structure located in the hypothalamus called suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). SCN neurons then convey temporal information to other tissues, producing synchronized circadian rhythms in many of our bodily processes.

Evolution made us adapt to our cyclic environment and these external cycles have become essential to the maintenance of a healthy state. But modern societies have tainted these cycles. The widespread use of artificial lighting, for example, has heavily disrupted the natural daily light-dark cycle in a way that is far from innocuous. Continuous exposure to light is regarded as a risk factor for frailty, with a number of studies supporting the idea that this disruption in our circadian rhythms can have a significant impact on health.

This is a major issue since it is estimated that about 75% of the world’s population may be exposed to light during the night. Also, shift work is considerably common (around 20% of workers in Europe and 29% in the US), and epidemiological studies have shown that shift workers have an increased occurrence of breast cancer, metabolic syndrome, obesity, bone dysfunctions, cardiovascular disease, stroke and sleep impairments.

But although these studies indicate a correlation between artificial light exposure and health issues, a causal relationship is hard to determine in human studies. Animal research has helped us understand the real impact of circadian rhythm disruption and has revealed a number of mechanisms through which it can influence health. However, most studies used relatively brief periods of light exposure disruption which largely fail to reproduce the patterns of light exposure in some human contexts, such as shift work, or intensive care settings and nursing homes, for example.

A recent study has set about filling this gap by investigating the relationship between a long-term disruption of circadian rhythms and disease. In this work, mice were exposed to continuous light for 24 weeks and several health parameters were measured: rhythmicity in the central clock (the SCN), skeletal muscle function, bone microstructure, and immune system function were assessed at various time points during and following the 24 weeks of continuous light.

The findings showed that a disrupted circadian rhythm induces detrimental effects on several biological processes. Neuronal recordings revealed that the long-term exposure to continuous light caused a marked reduction in rhythmicity in the circadian pacemaker in the brain, the SCN. Continuous light also reduced muscle function, caused bone changes, and induced a transient pro-inflammatory state.

In fact, many of these changes were consistent with a state of accelerated aging, namely the decline in muscle strength, physical endurance and motor coordination which are often observed in elderly adults.

Relevant changes in bone structure were also observed. Bones are formed by two types of bone tissue: trabecular (or spongy) bone and cortical (or compact) bone. As one ages, spongy bone becomes less dense, whereas compact bone tends to thicken. The continuous exposure to light in mice induced a progressive loss of trabecular bone similar to that observed in early age-related osteoporosis, and an increased thickness of cortical bone consistent with an accelerated effect of aging. Up to 21% of elderly adults have osteoporosis and some of these changes have actually been reported in shift workers: studies have shown that female shift workers have an increased risk of bone fractures and decreased bone mineral density.

Continuous exposure to light also induces a heightened pro-inflammatory state. Upon an immune stimulus, mice exposed to continuous light showed an increased production of pro-inflammatory molecules and a decreased secretion of anti-inflammatory compounds, even though this effect was transient. This intensified pro-inflammatory state is also observed during aging. Furthermore, human studies have also shown that shift workers have an increased risk of cancer and metabolic syndrome associated with immune system dysfunction, which is also known to aggravate age-related pathologies.

The reduction in rhythmicity in the SCN of mice continuously exposed to light also matches rhythm changes that occur in aged individuals. In fact, recent research suggests that impairments in the circadian clock within the SCN may be a defining factor in aging, being likely that an aged circadian system may actually contribute to the age-related decline in health.

This study solidified the notion that long-term exposure to continuous light can have a significant impact on health. Interestingly, most of the health parameters measured quickly returned to normal after restoring a regular light-dark cycle. Nevertheless, it becomes clear that exposure to artificial light is not at all harmless. By messing with our circadian rhythms through constant exposure to light, we may be accelerating our aging process and be actively weakening our health and resistance to disease.


Lucassen EA, et al (2016). Environmental 24-hr Cycles Are Essential for Health. Curr Biol, 26(14):1843-53. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.05.038

Michaud M, et al (2013). Proinflammatory cytokines, aging, and age-related diseases. J Am Med Dir Assoc, 14(12):877-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2013.05.009

Nakamura TJ, et al (2016). The suprachiasmatic nucleus: age-related decline in biological rhythms. J Physiol Sci, 66(5):367-74. doi: 10.1007/s12576-016-0439-2

Quevedo I, Zuniga AM (2010). Low bone mineral density in rotating-shift workers. J Clin Densitom, 13(4):467-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jocd.2010.07.004

Stevens RG, et al (2014). Breast cancer and circadian disruption from electric lighting in the modern world. CA Cancer J Clin, 64(3):207-18. doi: 10.3322/caac.21218

Wang XS, et al (2011). Shift work and chronic disease: the epidemiological evidence. Occup Med (Lond), 61(2):78-89. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqr001

Image via qimono / Pixabay.

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Friday, 21 October 2016

EatingWell Holiday Gift Guide: Last-Minute Gift Ideas

EatingWell Holiday Gift Guide: Last-Minute Gift Ideas Blog Post

We've all been there. It's the day before your holiday gathering and you realize you missed someone on your gift list. Don't fret—these ideas can all be ordered online at the last minute. Just print off a certificate to show them what they'll be receiving—monthly coffee delivery, a cooking club or liters of olive oil from their very own tree—and you're covered!

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Sweetened drinks, including diet drinks, may raise diabetes risk

"Drinking more than two sugary or artificially sweetened soft drinks per day greatly increases the risk of diabetes, research has shown," The Guardian reports.

The research was a Swedish cohort study of sweetened drink consumption over the past year for people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. They also looked at people with an uncommon form of diabetes known as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) which shares features with type 1 and 2 diabetes.

Both groups were then compared with a diabetes-free control group.

Drinking more than two sweetened drinks per day was linked with being roughly twice as likely to have diabetes.

For type 2 diabetes the link was similar when separately analysing sugary and diet drinks. The link with LADA was a little weaker and did not stand up to statistical significance when separately analysing sugary and artificially-sweetened drinks.

However, this study cannot prove that sweetened drinks alone have directly caused these conditions. Other unhealthy lifestyle factors like smoking and poor diet in general were also linked with the two forms of diabetes.

Also, one of the hallmark symptoms of diabetes is increased thirst so it could be possible that in some cases the diabetes came first and was then followed by increased consumption of sweetened drinks.

These uncertainties aside, the results broadly support our understanding of the risk factors for diabetes, which also apply to several other chronic diseases.

To reduce your risk of diabetes, eat a healthy diet, exercise regularlystop smoking and cut down on alcohol consumption.

Read more about diabetes prevention.


Where did the story come from?

The study was carried out by researchers from the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm and other institutions in Sweden and Finland. Funding was provided by the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, AFA Insurance and the Swedish Diabetes Association.

The study was published in the peer reviewed European Journal of Endocrinology and is openly available to access online.

The UK media gives slightly confused reporting by dividing between reporting on diet drinks or sugary drinks.

All the media reports mentioned two drinks per day. The significant links were actually for more than two drinks per day – for example, two-and-a-half or three.

There were no links for two or fewer drinks of any type. In any case, with food frequency questions there is the chance that estimates on portion size or frequency may be inaccurate.


What kind of research was this?

This was a case-control study within a population-based Swedish cohort study that aimed to see whether consumption of sweetened drinks was associated with risk of a rare form of diabetes called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA).

LADA has features of type 1 diabetes, where the body's own immune cells destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. But unlike type 1 diabetes, which normally develops in childhood, in LADA the cell destruction is much slower.

Also, the condition often develops later in life and shares many features with type 2 diabetes. For example, the person doesn't always need treatment with insulin straight away. This study reports that in the Swedish diabetes registry, LADA accounts for 5% of all cases.

The researchers compared drink consumption between cases with LADA or conventional type 2 diabetes and diabetes-free controls. The difficulty with this study design is that it's always going to be difficult to prove that a single factor, such as sweetened drinks, is definitely the cause of the condition. 


What did the research involve?

The study used data from the population-based cohort study ESTRID (Epidemiological Study of Risk Factors for LADA and Type 2 Diabetes) which started in 2010.

This study invited people with LADA or Type 2 diabetes from the Swedish diabetes registry to take part, along with a random selection of people aged 35 or over who were free from diabetes to act as controls.

Participants were set to be recruited in a ratio of four people with type 2 diabetes and six controls for every one person with LADA.

All people with diabetes were diagnosed by a doctor. There are said to be no definite criteria for LADA diagnosis, but the study used criteria in line with other literature.

Participants completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire. This included information on weight and height, physical activity, smoking, alcohol intake, family history of diabetes and educational level.

These factors were considered as potential confounders.

They also completed a 132-item food frequency questionnaire. Participants were asked to report their normal food consumption in the preceding year. Three questions asked about intake of sweetened drinks:

  • cola
  • diet cola
  • other diet soft drinks/soda (for example diluted syrups)

They were asked to report the number of 200ml servings per day or per week. Questions on fruit juice weren't analysed in the study.

The researchers analysed the difference in sweetened drink consumption between cases and controls, adjusting for the other confounders.


What were the basic results?

Data was available for 1,136 people with type 2 diabetes, 357 people with LADA, and 1,371 diabetes-free controls.

Average age was 59 for people with LADA and controls, and 68 for those with type 2 diabetes.

Just under two-thirds of all people reported consuming sweetened (including artificially sweetened) drinks.

In general they found that consumption of sweetened drinks was linked with higher body mass index (BMI) and other poor lifestyle factors like smoking, low physical activity and consumption of processed meat and sugary foods.

In adjusted analyses, people drinking more than two servings of any sweetened drinks a day had almost doubled odds of LADA compared with non-consumers (odds ratio [OR] 1.99, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11 to 3.56). Each extra daily serving was linked with 15% increased risk (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.29).

For type 2 diabetes, the link was a little stronger. More than two servings a day was linked with more than twice the odds of type 2 compared with non-consumers (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.39 to 4.09), and each extra daily serving conferred a 20% increased risk (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.34).

When separately analysing both sugar-sweetened and artificially-sweetened drinks, the findings were similar and still significant for type 2 diabetes. However, for LADA all links fell short of statistical significance on separate analysis.

Drinking two or fewer drinks per day – either sugar-sweetened or artificially-sweetened drinks – was not linked with either LADA or type 2 diabetes. 


How did the researchers interpret the results?

The researchers conclude: "High intake of sweetened beverages was associated with increased risk of LADA. The observed relationship resembled that with type 2 diabetes, suggesting common pathways possibly involving insulin resistance."



This study primarily aimed to see if consuming sweetened drinks was associated with the rarer condition of LADA, as it is with type 2 diabetes.

The researchers found that having more than two drinks per day was linked with increased odds of both conditions – though the link with LADA was a little weaker and not statistically significant when separately analysing diet and sugary drinks.

They also found that high BMI and other poor lifestyle choices were also linked with the conditions.

The findings generally support what is understood about type 2 diabetes, that high sugar intake, poor diet, low activity and high BMI increase risk. They similarly show that this is also likely to be the case with this rarer variant of the condition.

There are a couple of points to note:

  • This study design cannot prove that sweetened drinks are the direct cause of diabetes in these people. It is likely that high consumption of sweetened drinks is part of a wider picture of generally poor lifestyle habits. Though the researchers have adjusted their analyses for confounding factors, it is difficult to fully account for each health and lifestyle variable that could be having an influence.
  • The results are based on a food frequency questionnaire assessing intake over the past year. Though this is the best way you can look at this, it may not be entirely accurate – particularly when questioning regular portion size – or reflect longer term patterns over the course of the person's lifetime.
  • Several of these analyses deal with small numbers. For example, only 14 people with LADA drank more than two servings of diet drinks a day. Analyses based on small numbers are generally less reliable than those based on larger numbers of people.
  • This is a Swedish cohort. Lifestyle and environmental differences may mean the study is not completely representative of the UK population.

One expert from the University of Cambridge also considers another possibility that increased drink consumption could be due to increased thirst before diabetes is diagnosed – that is, the study can't rule out that this finding could be a symptom rather than a cause of diabetes.

The researchers did try and take account of consumption of water and other drinks as a general marker of thirst, but this is still a possibility the study design can't rule out.

Nevertheless, the findings support current understanding of the risk factors for diabetes, which apply to several other chronic diseases.

To reduce your risk of diabetes (as well as heart disease, stroke and some cancers), eat a healthy diet, exercise regularlydon't smoke and cut down on alcohol consumption.

Read more about diabetes prevention.

Links To The Headlines

Just two sugary drinks a day greatly increases diabetes risk, study shows. The Guardian, October 21 2016

Two diet drinks a day could double the risk of diabetes, study finds. The Daily Telegraph, October 21 2016

Diet Coke WON’T stop you getting diabetes: Two glasses of calorie-free drinks a day 'doubles the risk'. Mail Online, October 21 2016

Links To Science

Löfvenborg JE, Andersson T, Carlsson P, et al. Sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and type 2 diabetes. European Journal of Endocrinology. Published online October 21 2016

via NHS Choices: Behind the headlines More READ

EatingWell Gift Guide: Our Favorites for the Host

EatingWell Gift Guide: Our Favorites for the Host Blog Post

Gathering together with family and good friends during the holiday season for festive dinners and celebrations is what makes this time of year so special. Show the host or hostess your gratitude with a thoughtful gift, such as hand-woven dish towels, gourmet sea salt or specialty chocolates.

via EatingWell Blogs - All Blog Posts More READ

Kuwait to change law forcing all citizens to provide DNA samples

Challenges and appeals have pushed Kuwait’s parliament to revise anti-terrorism law that requires citizens and visitors to give samples of their DNA via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

First successful repair of damaged knee cartilage using nasal cells

But much larger studies needed to confirm potential use in routine clinical practice

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Test everyone with bowel cancer for inherited syndrome, NICE urges

Lynch syndrome accounts for 1 in 30 tumours and heightens risk of other cancers

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Mums-to-be with diabetes ill-prepared to cope with increased complications risk

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Unprecedented set of risk factors looming over nursing workforce

Governments need to act now to ensure supply of safe staffing levels, warns RCN

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CQC fee hike plans will hobble frontline care, GP leaders warn

General practice annual share set to rise from £21m to £37.5m

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Game of Thrones location seeking GP - via Twitter

With a chronic shortage of GPs in Northern Ireland's rural areas, the HSC is under pressure to attract doctors to the country. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Thursday, 20 October 2016

EatingWell Gift Guide: Gifts for the Cook

EatingWell Gift Guide: Gifts for the Cook Blog Post

Whether the cooks in your life have always been passionate about cooking or are just starting to learn, these gifts will add a little pizzazz to their kitchen. Even the person who seemingly has it all can make use of these gift ideas like a snazzy new apron, beautiful serveware, a new way to measure ingredients or a beautiful cookbook jam-packed with veggies. Your gift list starts here.

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$100 million project to make intelligence-boosting brain implant

Human intelligence is set to be the world’s biggest ever industry, says entrepreneur Bryan Johnson, whose company aims to enhance it with a brain prosthesis via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

The price of my life: $1.6 million and counting

Randy Hillard owes his survival to a very expensive drug – but is it fair that big pharma can often charge what it likes for life-saving treatment, he asks via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

UK adolescents lack vitamin D, study shows

Adolescents need between 10 and 30 µg/day vitamin D

Related items from OnMedica

Vitamin D deficiency
UK toddlers’ diet 'cause for concern’
Multivitamins in pregnancy ‘should be avoided’
Experts recommend everyone take vitamin D supplements
Vitamin D supplements reduce severe asthma attacks
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Wales offers incentives for GPs to train and stay in Wales

Young doctors will be offered a £20,000 incentive plus £2,000 to cover cost of exams

Related items from OnMedica

GP leaders call for primary care boost from Budget
GP numbers fall 1.9% despite Hunt’s aim for 5,000 more
DDRB asked to split 1% rise to improve retention
GP returners to get £2,300 a month in new scheme
£20k bursary to train as GP in under-doctored areas
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Childbirth soon after bariatric surgery associated with increased risk of complication

Childbirth soon after bariatric surgery associated with increased risk of complication

Related items from OnMedica

What’s on the horizon for obesity?
Obese pregnant women don't get the information they need
NHS must do much more bariatric surgery to beat obesity
Promote exercise not surgery to cut obesity and diabetes, say MPs
Exercise throughout pregnancy is safe and beneficial
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Government announces massive cuts to community pharmacy funding

Cuts amounting to 7.4% will begin to be implemented from 1 December

Related items from OnMedica

Give us funds to provide more services directly to patients, urge pharmacists
Strategy for community pharmacy needed to deliver its full potential
Role of pharmacists is set to grow and grow
Funding for community pharmacy services to be cut by £170 million
Pharmacist leaders voice concerns about planned cuts to funding
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

An autistic boy who can't be touched has connected with a service dog

An autistic boy who can't be touched or hugged by anyone has connected with someone for the first time - his new service dog. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

What are you worth? How we calculate the value of a life

Each life is equally valuable. Until it's not. From the cost of saving your life to your worth once you’re gone, there's a price on all our heads via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..