Monday, 8 February 2016

Lack of child health research undermines future health of nation, say doctors

Royal College launches new fund to boost number of clinical and non-clinical researchers

Related items from OnMedica

Children need access to cancer drug ‘goldmine’
Large child health variations across country
Make health services more teen friendly and accessible, says WHO
Neonatal staff shortage warning
Foetal alcohol syndrome must be better recognised
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Hunt accuses BMA of being ‘irresponsible’ and ‘spreading misinformation’

War of words intensifies ahead of Wednesday’s 24 hour junior doctors’ strike

Related items from OnMedica

Thousands of doctors picket in industrial action
BMA: Government puts politics before patients
Chief medical officer calls on junior doctors to suspend strike
Doctors warn seven-day service will damage weekday services
Torrent of angry doctors flood to join BMA
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

VIDEO: Smartpatch aims to put snoring to bed

The Silent Partner claims to have come up with a solution for those sleeping with someone who snores. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Cosmetic surgery ops on the rise

There was a sharp increase in the popularity of cosmetic surgery in the UK in 2015, figures show. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

FGM victims to get mental health care

Mental health services will be developed for victims of female genital mutilation in England, the government says. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Is 111 worth all the money?

Louise Newson wonders if the money could be better spent elsewhere in the NHS

Related items from OnMedica

Back to the Future – Part 4
NHS increases support for whistleblowers
The need to harness innovation
NHS rationing – getting rid of the postcode lottery
Scotland’s CMO calls for more ‘realistic medicine’
via OnMedica Blogs Read More Here..

Sunday, 7 February 2016

How to make healthy pancakes

Article Feb 7, 2016

Get ready to enjoy Pancake Day without the guilt! Follow these tips you can eat all the pancakes you want next Tuesday!

via Healthy Eating Read More..

How to make healthy pancakes

Get ready to enjoy Pancake Day without the guilt! Follow these tips you can eat all the pancakes you want next Tuesday!

1. Experiment with different flours

 

Jemma: ‘Give your pancakes a higher nutritional profile by cooking with different alternatives to regular flour such as spelt, coconut, almond and quinoa flour or even protein powder if you are making American style ones.’

 Dannii: ‘If you’re looking for a really light and grain-free pancake, you can make a pancake with just one mashed banana and two eggs, try to stick to the 2:1 ratio. Note: It doesn’t have the same consistency as a regular pancake, as it’s more eggy, but the banana makes it really sweet and it’s a nice flourless alternative.’

 
2.  Change your cooking oil

Jemma: ‘Make your pancakes healthier by changing the kind of oil that you cook them in. Avocado and coconut oil are very popular at the moment because they are a great source of healthy fats that are a huge benefit to your body.’

 

Dannii: ‘Instead of using butter, I use the Fry Lite butter spray (£1.72, Waitrose.com) to make my pancakes. At just one calorie a spray, you can save those extra calories for the toppings.’

 

3. Watch out for the toppings 

Jemma: ‘Swap processed sugars for natural alternatives like date nectar, agave syrup and maple syrup to add some sweetness to your pancakes. Fresh or dried fruits, nuts and seeds can also add a delicious natural flavour and are a healthier source of sugar. Mixing in some fresh fruits like frozen berries, chopped apples or mashed banana to your pancake mix increases the amount of vitamins, dietary fibre and antioxidants they contain -plus, by adding fruits you’re also adding to your 5-a-day!’

 

Dannii: ‘If I am wanting some chocolate on my pancakes, I drizzle over some Choc Shot (£3.59, Hollandandbarrett.com) with is made mostly from fruit and gives you a great chocolate fix.'

 

4.  Go savoury

Jemma: ‘When we think of pancakes we immediately imagine topping them with sugary syrups and chocolate, but pancakes can be savoury too. If you’re trying to tame your sweet tooth and cut down the sugar these are a great option. Add in some vegetables and spices to create a delicious nutritional alternative.’

 

Dannii: ‘Consider making some cheese and leek pancakes for a change. Use mature cheese, as it’s stronger which means you do not need to use as much.’

Article Becky Goins Feb 7, 2016 via Featured Articles Read This...

How to make healthy pancakes

Get ready to enjoy Pancake Day without the guilt! Follow these tips you can eat all the pancakes you want next Tuesday!

1. Experiment with different flours

 

Jemma: ‘Give your pancakes a higher nutritional profile by cooking with different alternatives to regular flour such as spelt, coconut, almond and quinoa flour or even protein powder if you are making American style ones.’

 Dannii: ‘If you’re looking for a really light and grain-free pancake, you can make a pancake with just one mashed banana and two eggs, try to stick to the 2:1 ratio. Note: It doesn’t have the same consistency as a regular pancake, as it’s more eggy, but the banana makes it really sweet and it’s a nice flourless alternative.’

 
2.  Change your cooking oil

Jemma: ‘Make your pancakes healthier by changing the kind of oil that you cook them in. Avocado and coconut oil are very popular at the moment because they are a great source of healthy fats that are a huge benefit to your body.’

 

Dannii: ‘Instead of using butter, I use the Fry Lite butter spray (£1.72, Waitrose.com) to make my pancakes. At just one calorie a spray, you can save those extra calories for the toppings.’

 

3. Watch out for the toppings 

Jemma: ‘Swap processed sugars for natural alternatives like date nectar, agave syrup and maple syrup to add some sweetness to your pancakes. Fresh or dried fruits, nuts and seeds can also add a delicious natural flavour and are a healthier source of sugar. Mixing in some fresh fruits like frozen berries, chopped apples or mashed banana to your pancake mix increases the amount of vitamins, dietary fibre and antioxidants they contain -plus, by adding fruits you’re also adding to your 5-a-day!’

 

Dannii: ‘If I am wanting some chocolate on my pancakes, I drizzle over some Choc Shot (£3.59, Hollandandbarrett.com) with is made mostly from fruit and gives you a great chocolate fix.'

 

4.  Go savoury

Jemma: ‘When we think of pancakes we immediately imagine topping them with sugary syrups and chocolate, but pancakes can be savoury too. If you’re trying to tame your sweet tooth and cut down the sugar these are a great option. Add in some vegetables and spices to create a delicious nutritional alternative.’

 

Dannii: ‘Consider making some cheese and leek pancakes for a change. Use mature cheese, as it’s stronger which means you do not need to use as much.’

Article Becky Goins Feb 7, 2016
via Featured Articles http://www.womensfitness.co.uk/healthy-eating/1501/how-to-make-healthy-pancakes
Health and Fitness Blog

The flavour factory: Hijacking our senses to tailor tastes

Hacking our smell receptors will allow us to create delicious, tailored food flavours. Chocolate cauliflower anyone?









via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

India cancer survivor brings joy to destitute children

The cancer survivor bringing joy to destitute children via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Zika virus fails to spoil carnival

Millions of people celebrate the first day of the annual carnival festivities across Brazil despite concerns about the recent Zika virus outbreak. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Can you save lives with 'big data'?

Can you save lives by analysing huge amounts of data? via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Friday, 5 February 2016

Zika 'linked to nerve disorder deaths'

Colombia says three people have died after contracting the Zika virus and developing a rare nerve disorder. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Umbilical blood cells kill cancer quicker than adult cells

Blood cells from donated umbilical cords fight leukaemia far better than adult blood, suggesting we've underestimated the power of the fetal immune response









via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

Pic-scanning AI estimates city air pollution from mass of photos

A project begun by Nanyang Technological University in Singapore aims to let people evaluate the air around them with just their smartphone









via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

A Virtual Brain – The Benefits of Brain Modelling

Humans have acquired a certain amount of knowledge about the laws which govern our world. It is far from complete, but what we already know allows us to build theories and speculate about how our world works. In this continuous effort of explanation, building models that mimic and predict natural phenomena plays a substantial role.

Simulations have proved to be a useful tool in many fields of science. Pharmaceutical companies are now using molecular modelling to understand the behavior of medicines and guide the design of new drugs. When building aircraft, aeronautical engineers rely on modelling so heavily that no airplane prototype goes into real flight without passing the simulation tests first.

The human brain is another complex system that can benefit from modelling and simulations. This effort can profit from the modern neuroimaging techniques that allow us exploring the anatomy and function of brain areas as small as a group of neurons. Moreover, our computational hardware is becoming powerful enough to gather the colossal amounts of data generated by the brain. Nevertheless, acquiring raw brain data in itself is not very useful unless we understand its meaning and can use it to our benefits.

The Virtual Brain Initiative is one of the best known trials to understand and organize brain data in a useful way. It is a neuroinformatics platform that tries to simulate the brain organization on the macroscopic level of detail. This tool is based on the idea of taking advantage of available functional and structural brain data generated by imaging techniques such as MRI, functional MRI and trans-cranial magnetic stimulation.

The virtual brain will try to gather important information related to neuronal connectivity and structure of the brain. It will inform us about activated groups of neurons, their connections, their respective distances, the time and the speed of their communications. This software will also collect data related to the structure of the brain like 3D cortex geometry and the exact location of neuron groups. After identifying the involved population of neurons, they will be assembled in large neuronal networks to finally construct a brain model.

As the model is developed, a knowledge library of brain anatomy and physiology will be used to guide the building process. This later step guarantees that the model reflects the natural phenomena regulating normal brain physiology.

An ideal computational brain model should consider the functions and connections of individual neurons. However, just to assemble this model we will need very powerful computational resources that are not yet available. Even if we achieve this colossal task, we still won’t be able to explain how cognitive and psychological process are born in the mind and how are they related to the organic structure of the brain.

Moreover, some studies showed that the behavior of the single neuron is irrelevant for the prediction of complex functions of the brain and probably even less for understanding the cognitive functions. In this regard, virtual brain has the advantage of working on the macroscopic and mesoscopic levels (the micrometer range) where not so much computer power is needed.

This approach is not new in science, and the attempts to build macroscopic models based on the mesoscopic level of details were shown to be useful. In the virtual brain, this philosophy is used to predict the global brain behavior and function starting from small groups of neurons.

The virtual brain is a great tool for research that will allow us to monitor the dynamics of communications between different brain regions and see how the functions of the brain are related to its structure. Scientists can use the virtual brain to understand how changes in the brain structure affect neuron communications and in turn lead to modifications in behaviour and cognitive processes. Another utility of the virtual brain is the capability to track normal and physiological brain modifications between different life stages, for example to understand how a newborn brain can grow up to become mature and capable of very complex functions and cognitive process.

Applications of the virtual brain can also be extended to serve medical needs through the use of neuroimages and brain data of people suffering from specific diseases. Neuroimaging data of such brains are used to create models and to understand how pathologies alter the normal structure and function of the brain. This is particularly true for pathologies where there is an organic dysfunction such as strokes, Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease.

By feeding images of patients suffering from stroke, scientists and doctors will be able to understand how the pathology affects the brain’s communications and disrupts connections between the networks, making it possible to predict how the remaining networks preserve some of the brain functions despite the damage. This is particularly important as it allows to spot the mechanisms that control healing and recovery in injured brains. Psychiatric disorders like autism or schizophrenia can also benefit from the virtual brain simulations by helping scientists to identify the effect of these pathologies on the neuronal network and therefore suggest new therapeutics based on the properties of altered brain regions.

In addition, the virtual brain can be used to collect brain images and data from a specific patient so it opens the way to personalized medicine by simulating how a patient brain should reorganize its networks to obtain an optimal recovery after a brain injury or disease. Such information is extremely valuable to doctors since it will guide the rehabilitation process by favoring some type of therapies over others depending on the patient’s condition.

Modelling tools like the virtual brain are still in the early phase of development and validation; nevertheless the potential is very promising. It is clear that some time will pass before we can see some clinical applications of the brain simulations, but once established we can hope to treat the most difficult brain diseases and injuries.

References

Carter, A., Shulman, G., & Corbetta, M. (2012). Why use a connectivity-based approach to study stroke and recovery of function? NeuroImage, 62 (4), 2271-2280 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.02.070

D’Angelo E, Solinas S, Garrido J, Casellato C, Pedrocchi A, Mapelli J, Gandolfi D, & Prestori F (2013). Realistic modeling of neurons and networks: towards brain simulation. Functional neurology, 28 (3), 153-66 PMID: 24139652

Dumas, G., Chavez, M., Nadel, J., & Martinerie, J. (2012). Anatomical Connectivity Influences both Intra- and Inter-Brain Synchronizations PLoS ONE, 7 (5) DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036414

Falcon, M., Riley, J., Jirsa, V., McIntosh, A., Shereen, A., Chen, E., & Solodkin, A. (2015). The Virtual Brain: Modeling Biological Correlates of Recovery after Chronic Stroke Frontiers in Neurology, 6 DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2015.00228

Ritter, P., Schirner, M., McIntosh, A., & Jirsa, V. (2013). The Virtual Brain Integrates Computational Modeling and Multimodal Neuroimaging Brain Connectivity, 3 (2), 121-145 DOI: 10.1089/brain.2012.0120

Sanz Leon, P., Knock, S., Woodman, M., Domide, L., Mersmann, J., McIntosh, A., & Jirsa, V. (2013). The Virtual Brain: a simulator of primate brain network dynamics Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, 7 DOI: 10.3389/fninf.2013.00010

Schirner, M., Rothmeier, S., Jirsa, V., McIntosh, A., & Ritter, P. (2015). An automated pipeline for constructing personalized virtual brains from multimodal neuroimaging data NeuroImage, 117, 343-357 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.03.055

Image via agsandrew / Shutterstock.

via Brain Blogger Read More Here..

Active Zika found in saliva and urine

Active Zika virus has been detected in the saliva and urine of patients, Brazilian scientists say. via BBC News - Health Read More Here..

Racial Disparity in Kidney Transplant Outcomes Narrows

Rejections, early deaths on the decline among black organ recipients

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: African American Health, Health Disparities, Kidney Transplantation via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Depression May Boost Seniors' Risk for Heart Disease, Stroke

Doctors should monitor older adults for low mood, researchers say

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Depression, Heart Diseases--Prevention, Seniors' Health via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

'Obese' May Not Always Equal Unhealthy

Authors warn against using body size as sole measure of good health, but other experts cite risks of too much weight

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Body Weight, Heart Diseases--Prevention, Obesity via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

High-Dose Statins May Ease Macular Degeneration for Some

The 'dry' form of the eye disease remains the leading cause of blindness in developed world

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Macular Degeneration, Statins via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

ADHD Tied to Obesity Risk for Girls, Study Contends

Impulsiveness, eating disorders may help explain possible link, researcher says

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Eating Disorders, Obesity in Children via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Too Much, Too Little Sleep During Pregnancy May Prompt Weight Gain

Finding points to why sleep problems may be linked to poor pregnancy outcomes, researcher says

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Pregnancy and Nutrition, Sleep Disorders via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Could IVF Raise Children's Odds for Blood Cancer?

Study of in vitro fertilization shows slightly elevated risk, but experts aren't sounding alarms

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Assisted Reproductive Technology, Childhood Leukemia, Hodgkin Disease via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Exercise May Prevent Harmful Falls in Men

Males made greater gains than women, study says

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Exercise for Seniors, Falls, Men's Health via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Meditation May Ease Pain, Anxiety from Breast Cancer Biopsy

Researchers also found music helps during the procedure

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Biopsy, Breast Cancer, Complementary and Integrative Medicine via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Steroids Might Help More Than Just Very Premature Babies

Researchers found they reduced risk for respiratory problems in infants born at 34 to 36 weeks

HealthDay news image

Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Pages: Premature Babies, Preterm Labor, Steroids via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

Health Tip: Pack Your Car with Winter Weather Essentials

Here's what to include
Source: HealthDay
Related MedlinePlus Page: Winter Weather Emergencies via MedlinePlus Health News Read More Here..

‘Ditch booze’ advice to sexually active US women is step too far

It's over-restrictive for the US Centers for Disease Control to say that women who have sex without using birth control should avoid alcohol, says Ruth Graham









via New Scientist - Health Read More Here..

Short battery life of pacemakers puts patients at risk of serious complications

Over half of patients will need new batteries and several replacements

Related items from OnMedica

Device regulation must face overhaul
New implantable device may curb sleep apnoea in heart failure patients
NICE sets standards for acute heart failure
Men’s and women’s hearts age differently
Atrial fibrillation poses greater risk for women than men
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Tackle delayed discharges and iron out variations in overheads, hospitals told

Variations in running costs, purchasing, sick leave and infection ‘unwarranted’ says final Carter review

Related items from OnMedica

Hospitals discharge processes putting patients at risk, Healthwatch England finds
Significant concerns raised over safety of hospital and care services
NHS facing unprecedented spending squeeze
Hospital finances in ‘parlous state’ as risk of NHS crisis rises
Cash boost for hospitals in England to help them ‘get back on their feet’
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

MPs slam government for its poor management of Cancer Drugs Fund

Failure to assess value of Fund for patients and taxpayers ‘unacceptable’, says report

Related items from OnMedica

New multi-million pound fund to boost cancer drug development
Details of proposed new Cancer Drug Fund revealed
NHS rationing – getting rid of the postcode lottery
Cancer drug access in England is a ‘debacle’
The medicine price debate
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Cuts to public health will widen health inequalities, warn public heath directors

Survey indicates that many services likely to be cut or decommissioned

Related items from OnMedica

Greater Manchester presses ahead with devolved health and care services
Budget cuts hitting weight loss services
Joint plea to protect public health services
Health spending set to fall in some areas after Spending Review
Role of pharmacists is set to grow and grow
via OnMedica News Read More Here..

Supply of clinical staff in NHS fragmented and not cost effective

Too many variations across staff groups and regions; reasons behind use of agency staff not being tackled

Related items from OnMedica

Number of nurses set to fall by almost 2000
The war for talent meets the war on attrition
‘Smart’ rostering
Workforce shortages threaten delivery of NHS Five Year Forward View
Government clamps down on ‘rip-off’ agency staff
via OnMedica News Read More Here..